Cotton fibres may be classified roughly into three large groups, based on staple length (average length of the fibres making up a sample or bale of cotton) and appearance. The first group includes fine, lustrous fibres with staple length ranging from about 2.5 to 6.5 cm (about 1 to 2.5 inches) and sell at a premium — such as Sea Island, Egyptian, and Pima cottons. Least plentiful and most difficult to grow, long-staple cottons are costly and are used mainly for fine fabrics, yarns, and hosiery. The second group contains the standard medium-staple cotton, such as American Upland, with staple length from about 1.3 to 3.3 cm (0.5 to 1.3 inches). The third group includes the short-staple, coarse cottons, ranging from about 1 to 2.5 cm (0.5 to 1 inch) in length, used to make carpets and blankets, coarse fabrics, and blends with other fibres.

Indorama produces and processes medium staple length cotton in Uzbekistan. Followings are properties of the production:

  • Good hygroscopicity and breathability;
  • Good tensile strength;
  • Resistant to high temperatures (up to 150 C);
  • Resistant to organic solvents (alcohol, acetic acid, formic acid);
  • Softness;
  • Good tintability.

During the cotton ginning process, harvested cotton is segregated into cotton fibre, cotton seed and other products.

Cotton seeds, a by-product of the ginning process, are used for:

  • Technical cotton seeds as seeds for planting new crops;
  • Non-technical cotton seeds for seed crushing facilities for extracting edible oil from seeds;
  • Feed for livestock;
  • Linter is used for making cellulose for security paper.